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Fiber foundations

protein fibers

Protein fibers are essentially the hairs that grow on animals. About the yarn
The examples are:

  • Sheep (wool)
  • Yak
  • Goats (Angora, Cashmere, Pygora)
  • Camelids (Alpaca, Vicuña, Lama)
  • Angora rabbit
  • Musk Ox (Qivuit)

These are just a few examples of protein-based yarn fibers. Other types include mohair, silk, camel, and llama, among others.

Fiber foundations

synthetic fibers

            Synthetic fibers are man-made fibers that are produced from petrochemicals, coal, or other materials. These fibers are created through a process called polymerization, in which small molecules called monomers are chemically bonded together to form long chains of polymers.

            Synthetic fibers have become increasingly popular in recent years due to their affordability, durability, and versatility. Some common types of synthetic fibers include polyester, nylon, acrylic, rayon, spandex.

            While synthetic fibers have many benefits, they also have some drawbacks. For example, they are not as breathable as natural fibers, and they can release microplastics into the environment when they are washed. However, advancements in technology have led to the development of more sustainable synthetic fibers, such as recycled polyester and biodegradable plastics

Fiber foundations

cellulose fibers

Cellulose fibers are a type of natural fiber that are derived from plant sources. These fibers are made from cellulose, which is the main component of plant cell walls. Cellulose fibers are known for their softness, breathability, and ability to absorb moisture.

Some common types of cellulose fibers include:

About the yarn

The examples are:

  • Cotton – a natural cellulose fiber that is derived from the cotton plant.
  • Linen – it is known for its strength, durability, and coolness,
  • Rayon – a semi-synthetic cellulose fiber that is made from wood pulp
  • Hemp – a type of natural fiber that is derived from the stalk of the hemp plant, also known as Cannabis sativa
  • Bamboo – a natural cellulose fiber that is derived from the bamboo plant
  • Modal – a semi-synthetic cellulose fiber that is made from beechwood pulp

Fiber foundations

cellulosic fibers

Cellulosic fibers are also made from cellulose of plant material (mostly often cotton and

trees) that has Around the yarnbeen chemically processed down to a base liquid form before being extruded and regenerated into a spinnable fiber form. 

The most common cellulosic fibers are rayon and Tencel. Probably you also heard about lyocell, modell and acetate.