How to

Basic Knitting Techniques

Think of the beautifully mastered items that you aim to create!

Needles and yarn?

How to hold them?

It actually depends on one’s personal preference. Once you start developing your skills in this activity, you will eventually discover the style of handling the yarn and needles that works for you.

However, there are two different ways that knitters can wrap the yarn around the needles. These styles are classified as the Continental and English methods.

Casting on

The second step in knitting

There are three methods in casting:

  •   Single Cast On– also called the thumb cast on or backward loop cast on. 
  •   Long Tail Cast On– also called the double cast. 
  •   Knitted Cast On– also known as two-needle cast on. 
Types of stitches

Knit and purl

There are two types of stitches:

  •   Knit Stitch- also known as the garter stitch. It is the process of pulling up a yarn through an existing loop on a needle and pulling it through on the back.
  •   Purl Stitch- it is the method of inserting the needle from the top of a loop and pulling a new loop up and through the first stitch. A purl stitch simply looks like the back of a knit stitch.
Essential knitting tools

every knitter needs

With these essential tools, you’ll be well-equipped to tackle a wide range of knitting projects. As you gain more experience, you may find that you want to add additional tools to your knitting kit, such as cable needles or row counters, but these essentials are a great place to start.

Knitting needles

Knitting needles come in a variety of materials, including metal, wood, bamboo, plastic, and even carbon fiber. They also come in different lengths, ranging from short double-pointed needles for knitting small items like socks, to long straight needles for large flat projects like scarves and blankets. Circular needles are also popular for their versatility, allowing you to knit in the round or knit large projects with ease

Stitch markers

Stitch markers can be found in a variety of shapes and sizes, including rings, clips, and even pieces of scrap yarn. They are used to mark stitches or sections of a pattern, such as the beginning of a round or the placement of a buttonhole.


A good pair of scissors should be sharp enough to cut yarn cleanly and easily. Some knitters prefer small, compact scissors that can easily fit in a knitting bag, while others may opt for larger scissors with more cutting power.

Tape measure

A tape measure is essential for checking gauge and measuring the size of your finished project. Some knitters prefer retractable tape measures that can be easily stored in a knitting bag, while others may prefer a more traditional tape measure on a spool.

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How to fix common mistakes?

Dropped stitch

If you accidentally drop a stitch, don’t panic. Use a crochet hook or a knitting needle to pick up the dropped stitch and place it back on the needle where it belongs. If the stitch has unraveled a few rows down, you may need to undo your work until you get to the dropped stitch and then re-knit the rows.

Extra stitch

If you accidentally make an extra stitch, you can simply knit two stitches together to decrease the extra stitch. If you catch it early, you can simply drop the extra stitch off the needle.

Twisted stitch

A twisted stitch can happen when you accidentally twist the stitch as you knit it. To fix this, carefully undo the twisted stitch and re-knit it correctly.

Uneven tension

Uneven tension can be caused by several factors, such as using different knitting needles, using different types of yarn, or simply not paying attention to your tension. To fix uneven tension, you may need to undo your work and re-knit it, paying attention to your tension as you go.

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